A Literature Review of Smart City: Concept and Framework


  • Qasim HamaMurad Azman Hashim International Business School (AHIBS) Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • uznir ujang Geoinformation Department Faculty of Built Environment and Surveying Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Normal Mat Jusoh Azman Hashim International Business School (AHIBS) Universiti Teknologi Malaysia




Terms -Smart city, Evolution, ICT, Smart city framework, Infrastructure


Research on smart city building evaluation has been undertaken in countries with earlier IoT technology development since the notion of smart cities was established. Smart city evaluation is an important component of smart city development and plays a key role in guiding and encouraging city development. Existing smart city evaluation research and applications are now in the exploratory phases. The previous study defines a series of smart city frameworks and smart city modules. Through our research, we need to answer the fundamental question, how is a smart city evaluated and concept? This paper aims to shed light on the smart concept and how to evaluate the smart city conjunction, structures, and elements. RStudio-biblioshiny used for bibliometrics analysis then makes diagramed for each concept and evaluated. This article offers a well-integrated, ubiquitous, and highly extendable assessment system based on a common smart city framework. Then based on the above assessment approach, ten universal smart city frameworks were evaluated in 26 articles, while included from 2363 articles; this review illustrates how the assessment system is helpful for better understanding the entire architecture of smart city platforms, making comparisons, and creating standards among smart cities. Indicator comparisons show that future smart city building should prioritise citizens, innovative technologies, the development of dynamic information resources, and spatiotemporal big data.




How to Cite

HamaMurad, Q., ujang, uznir, & Mat Jusoh, N. . (2022). A Literature Review of Smart City: Concept and Framework. Journal of Advanced Geospatial Science & Technology, 2(1), 92–111. https://doi.org/10.11113/jagst.v2n1.34